The New York Times has just announced its new Congress API, which provides capability for developers to access to four sets of data about US Congressional representatives and their votes: "a list of members for a given Congress and chamber, details of a specific roll-call vote, biographical and role information about a specific member of Congress, and a member’s most recent positions on roll-call votes" (see Congress API profile for details).
Developed in partnership with the National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) project, the SOAP-based Australian Synchrotron APIs are geared to let scientists access data on their experiments from Australia's Synchrotron, the nation's largest research facility, in a secure manner. This also permits data analysis through remote access.
Open APIs are being adopted by a wide range of industries, even those outside the Internet sector. Most recently the pharmaceutical industry is realizing the benefits of APIs in sharing information around drug research. Thomson Reuters now provides the Thomson Reuters Pharma API for investigational drugs data. The service provides access the company's comprehensive source of global pharmaceutical intelligence on drugs.