HTML5 Moves to W3C Recommendation Status

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) HTML5 Working Group has published HTML5 as a W3C Recommendation, a milestone for the 10-year-old markup language. HTML5, used by many developers, is widely deployed and is supported on a variety of devices. Earlier this year, Gartner identified HTML5 as one of the top 10 mobile technologies and capabilities for 2015 and 2016, concluding that "HTML5 will be an essential technology for organizations delivering applications across multiple platforms."


HTML5 makes it possible for Web developers to build Web and mobile applications with video and audio tracks that do not require plug-ins; features native support for scalable vector graphics and math (MathML); and includes a variety of APIs, such as text track, editing, input element and Web application. HTML5 also features programmatic access to the canvas element, which can be used to render graphs, game graphics and other visual images "on the fly." In a press release, W3C Director Tim Berners-Lee said:

Today we think nothing of watching video and audio natively in the browser, and nothing of running a browser on a phone. We expect to be able to share photos, shop, read the news, and look up information anywhere, on any device. Though they remain invisible to most users, HTML5 and the Open Web Platform are driving these growing user expectations.

Intel Software recently published a video in which a small group of developers discussed the biggest challenges with HTML5. During the roundtable discussion, Dave Arel, director of JavaScript at Belly, compared HTML5 to Flash, saying, "Flash was a good example of some great things we could do on the Web. But the problem with Flash is that it is not available everywhere. The thing that HTML5 has is that it is literally available on almost every device."

Intel and other W3C members, including IBM, Microsoft, Mozilla, Samsung and Tencent, support the W3C HTML5 Recommendation. In the press release, Samsung Electronics vice president Sungho Choi said:

Samsung Electronics is thrilled that HTML5 has reached Recommendation status. Nowadays, various electronics products including [PCs, smartphones and smart TVs] feature HTML5, which is a key element for the Open Web Platform. With the completion of HTML5, OWP can start a new revolution in platforms, and we hope all devices can connect and communicate via HTML5 in the near future. Samsung Electronics supports the W3C's HTML5 Recommendation in our products, and we hope this will become a leap forward for both the Web technology and Samsung.

The W3C is working on building stronger foundations for HTML5 so that incorporating new features for the Web will be easier. Use cases that the W3C is considering include payments, automotive, digital publishing and telecommunications. To learn more about HTML5, visit the W3C website.

Be sure to read the next Standards article: Indexed Database API Becomes a W3C Web Standard


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