Recently, in our post on the Unofficial Chicago Transit Authority API we reported on this unofficial transit API for the CTA. The API enables developers to build applications that present CTA bus routes, schedules, and arrival predictions. This API is "unofficial" because it is not officially documented by the Chicago Transit Authority, but comes to us by virtue of developer Harper Reed.
As reported by the BBC, the UK government has established a task force, aptly named the Power of Information Task Force, to lead a massive data sharing effort. The task force was established in March of this year by Cabinet Office Minister Tom Watson with the goal of fostering social and economic progress by enabling widespread access to government data.